I-Agile Testing Mindset neqhaza le-Agile Tester

Eqenjini le-Agile, abahloli kumele basebenzisane eduze nawo wonke amanye amalungu eqembu kanye nababambiqhaza bebhizinisi. Lokhu kunemithelela eminingi ngokwamakhono umhloli okufanele abe nawo kanye nemisebenzi abayenzayo ngaphakathi kweqembu le-Agile.



I-Agile Testing Mindset

Abahloli be-Agile badinga ukweqa imigomo nezindlela zokusebenza zokuthuthukiswa kwesoftware yendabuko. Ukuze uphumelele njengoMhloli we-Agile, kudingeka umqondo oqondile.

I-Agile Testing Mindset, ingafingqwa ngemigomo eyishumi nambili:


  • Usizo Lwekhwalithi phezu Ukuqinisekisa ikhwalithi
  • Ukuhlolwa Okuqhubekayo phezu Ukuhlolwa Ekugcineni
  • Isibopho Sethimba Sekhwalithi phezu Isibopho Somhloli
  • Indlela Yethimba Lonke phezu Iminyango Yokuhlola Nokuhlolwa Okuzimele
  • Ukuhlola okuzenzakalelayo phezu Ukuhlolwa Kwama-Regression Manual
  • Ukuhlolwa Kobuchwepheshe ne-API phezu Ukuhlolwa nje kwe-GUI
  • Ukuhlola Ukuhlola phezu Ukuhlola Okubhaliwe
  • Izindaba Zomsebenzisi Nezidingo Zamakhasimende phezu Imininingwane Yesidingo
  • Ukwakha Isoftware Engcono Kakhulu phezu Ukwephula iSoftware
  • Ukuzibandakanya Kwasekuqaleni phezu Ukubandakanywa Kwesikhathi Eside
  • I-Loop Yempendulo Emifushane phezu Impendulo Ebambezelekile
  • Ukuvimbela Amaphutha phezu Ukuthola Amaphutha


Yimaphi Amakhono Okufanele Ube Nomhloli We-Agile?

Ngaphezu kwamakhono adingekayo kumhloli osebenza kuphrojekthi yendabuko yempophoma, umhloli eqenjini le-Agile kufanele akwazi ukwenza i-test automation, ukuthuthukiswa okuqhutshwa ukuhlolwa, ukwamukela ukuthuthukiswa okuqhutshwa ukuhlolwa, ibhokisi elimhlophe, ibhokisi elimnyama, nolwazi ukuhlolwa okusekelwe.

Njengoba izindlela ze-Agile zincike kakhulu ekubambisaneni, ekuxhumaneni, nasekusebenzisaneni phakathi kwamalungu eqembu kanye nababambiqhaza abangaphandle kweqembu, abahloli eqenjini le-Agile kufanele babe namakhono amahle okusebenzisana. Abahloli emaqenjini we-Agile kufanele:


  • Yiba nombono omuhle futhi onesisombululo namalungu eqembu kanye nababambiqhaza
  • Khombisa ukucabanga okubucayi, okugxilwe kwikhwalithi, nokungabaza ngomkhiqizo
  • Thola imininingwane ngokusebenzayo kubabambiqhaza (kunokuba uthembele ngokuphelele ekubekweni okubhaliwe)
  • Hlola ngokunembile futhi ubike imiphumela yokuhlolwa, inqubekela phambili yokuhlola, nekhwalithi yomkhiqizo
  • Sebenza ngempumelelo ukuchaza izindaba zomsebenzisi ezingavivinywa, ikakhulukazi izindlela zokwamukelwa, nabamele amakhasimende nababambe iqhaza
  • Hlanganyela ngaphakathi kweqembu, nisebenze ngababili nabahlelo kanye namanye amalungu eqembu
  • Phendula ushintsho ngokushesha, kufaka phakathi ukushintsha, ukufaka, noma ukuthuthukisa amacala wokuhlola
  • Hlela futhi uhlele owabo umsebenzi


Indima Yomhloli eqenjini le-Agile

Indima yomhloli eqenjini le-Agile ifaka phakathi imisebenzi ekhiqiza futhi inikeze impendulo hhayi kuphela esimweni sokuhlolwa, inqubekela phambili yokuhlola, nekhwalithi yomkhiqizo, kodwa futhi nakwikhwalithi yenqubo. Le misebenzi ifaka phakathi:



  • Ukuqonda, ukusebenzisa, nokuvuselela i- Isu Lokuhlola Okushesha
  • Sebenza nge Abanikazi Bomkhiqizo ukuchaza Izindlela zokwamukelwa kanye Nencazelo Yokwenziwa.
  • Ukukala nokubika ukuhlolwa kokuhlolwa kuzo zonke izilinganiso zokufaka ezisebenzayo
  • Ukuqinisekisa ukusetshenziswa okufanele kwamathuluzi wokuhlola
  • Ukulungiselela, ukusebenzisa, nokuphatha izindawo zokuhlola nedatha yokuhlola
  • Ukubhala nokwenza amasheke azenzakalelayo nokubika eqenjini
  • Ukubika ukukhubazeka nokusebenzisana nethimba ukuzixazulula
  • Ukuqeqesha amanye amalungu ethimba ezicini ezifanele zokuhlolwa
  • Ukuqinisekisa ukuthi imisebenzi efanelekile yokuhlola ihlelelwe ngesikhathi sokukhululwa nokuhlelwa kwempinda
  • Ukusebenzisana ngentshiseko nabathuthukisi kanye nababambiqhaza bebhizinisi ukucacisa izidingo, ikakhulukazi ngokuhlolwa, ukuvumelana, nokuphelela
  • Ukubamba iqhaza ngokuqinile emihlanganweni yokuma yansuku zonke, izikhathi zokuzilungisa izindaba, ukubheka emuva kwethimba, ukuphakamisa nokuqalisa ukusebenza

Ngaphakathi kweqembu le-Agile, ilungu ngalinye leqembu libhekene nekhwalithi yomkhiqizo futhi lidlala indima ekwenzeni imisebenzi ehlobene nokuhlolwa.
Izinhlangano ze-Agile zingahlangabezana nezingozi ezithile zenhlangano ezihlobene nokuhlolwa:

  • Abahloli basebenza eduze kakhulu konjiniyela ukuthi balahlekelwe yimicabango yabahloli efanelekile
  • Abahloli bayabekezelela noma bathule ngokungasebenzi kahle, ukungasebenzi, noma imikhuba esezingeni eliphansi ngaphakathi kweqembu
  • Abahloli abakwazi ukuhambisana nezinguquko ezingenayo kokuphindaphindwa kwesikhathi okunomkhawulo


Ukubamba iqhaza Emisebenzini Yesikram

Umhloli kuphrojekthi ye-Agile uzosebenza ngokuhlukile kunalowo osebenza kuphrojekthi yendabuko. Abahloli kumele baqonde amanani nezimiso ezisekela amaphrojekthi we-Agile, nokuthi abahloli bayingxenye ebalulekile yethimba lesikram, ngokuhlangana nabathuthukisi nabamele ibhizinisi.

Amalungu kuphrojekthi ye-Agile axhumana nomunye kusenesikhathi futhi kaningi, okusiza ekususeni ukukhubazeka kusenesikhathi nokwakha umkhiqizo wekhwalithi.


Kubalulekile ukuthi wazi ukuthi abahloli kumaphrojekthi we-Agile, abagcini ngokugxila ekuhlolweni komkhiqizo ukuthola izimbungulu, kunalokho ukugxila kufanele kube kakhulu ekuthuthukiseni izinqubo zokuvimbela ukukhubazeka, futhi abahloli badlala indima ebalulekile kulokhu.

Lapha, sibheka ukuthi abahloli be-Agile bangangeza kanjani inani ezigabeni zonke zokulethwa kwesoftware ekusethweni kwe-Agile.

Ukuchaza ikhwalithi isiyonke

Abahloli babandakanyekile ekuchazeni ikhwalithi yonke nendlela yokuhlola futhi ikakhulukazi bengeze inani kule misebenzi elandelayo:

Imisebenzi Yangaphambi Kokuhlela

Abahloli bayabandakanyeka ezinhlelweni zokulungiselela kwangaphambili nezokulungisa izindaba futhi ikakhulukazi bengeza inani kule misebenzi elandelayo:


  • Kuchazwa izindaba zomsebenzisi ezingavivinywa, kufaka phakathi izindlela zokwamukela
  • Ukunqunywa kokuhlolwa kwezindaba zomsebenzisi
  • Idala izivivinyo zokwamukelwa kwezindaba zomsebenzisi
  • Ukubamba iqhaza ekuhlaziyweni kwephrojekthi nekhwalithi

Ukuhlela kwe-Sprint

Abahloli bayabandakanyeka emihlanganweni yokuhlela i-Sprint futhi ikakhulukazi bengeza inani kule misebenzi elandelayo:

  • Ukuhlela ukuhlolwa kokukhishwa
  • Ukubamba iqhaza ekuhlaziyweni okuningiliziwe kobungozi kwezindaba zomsebenzisi
  • Idala izivivinyo zokwamukelwa kwezindaba zomsebenzisi
  • Ukuchazwa kwamazinga wokuhlola adingekayo
  • Ukuhlukanisa izindaba zomsebenzisi zibe yimisebenzi (ikakhulukazi imisebenzi yokuhlola)
  • Kulinganiselwa umzamo wokuhlola ohlotshaniswa nezindaba zomsebenzisi nayo yonke imisebenzi yokuhlola
  • Ukukhomba izici ezisebenzayo nezingasebenzi zohlelo oluzohlolwa
  • Ukusekela nokubamba iqhaza ekuzenzekelayo kokuhlola emazingeni amaningi wokuhlola

Ukuhlola ku-Sprint

Abahloli bayabandakanyeka ngesikhathi se-Sprint futhi ikakhulukazi bengeza inani kule misebenzi elandelayo:

  • Ukwenza Ukuhlola Kokuhlola Kwezici ezintsha
  • Ukubhala Ukuhlolwa Okuzenzakalelayo Kokucindezelwa kwezici ezintsha nezikhona
  • Ukuhlanganisa nokwenza izivivinyo ezizenzakalelayo kuseva ye-CI
  • Impendulo ngokushesha okukhulu eqenjini uma ngabe kunezinkinga ezithile
  • Buyekeza Ukuhlolwa Kokwamukelwa lapho kucatshangelwa izimo ezintsha